The "Dardanelles Campaign" Chronology

2015 - Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary

1915DardanellesCampaignMap3.jpg (13939 bytes) 1915HaritaCanakkaleMuttefiklerinGenelCikarmaPlani.jpg (68326 bytes) 1915HaritaEng19.jpg (24801 bytes)


2015 - Canakkale Zaferi'nin 100. Yıl Dönümü Kutlamaları ve Şehitlerin Anılması

June 1914 Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo.
July 1914 Austria declares war on Serbia.
August 1914 Churchill confiscates two Turkish battleships under construction in the UK. 
(Sultan Osman & Reşadiye)
September 1914 Turkey closes the Dardanelles to all shipping following the interception of a Turkish torpedo boat by the Royal Navy.
November 1914 Britain and France declare war on the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
Ottomans enter WWI on the side of Germany.
3 November 1914

Initial naval bombardment of Gallipoli. Royal Navy squadron, including the battlecruisers HMS Indomitable and HMS Indefatigable, bombard the Turkish forts at the entrance to the Dardanelles.

13 December 1914 British submarine B11 sinks Turkish battleship Mesudiye in the Straits south of Çanakkale.
2 January 1915 Duke Nicholas of Russia appeals to Britain for assistance.
3 January 1915 Winston Churchill requests advice from Admiral Carden regarding a naval attack at the Dardanelles.
5 January 1915 Admiral Carden cautiously replıes to Churchill.
13 January 1915 British War Council approves plans for a naval operation to force the Dardanelles.
26 January 1915 Liman von Sanders considers possible Allied landing sites on Gallipoli.
2 February 1915 Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) is appointed to reorganize and command Nineteenth Division in Thrace.
19 February 1915 First Allied naval attack on the Dardanelles begins. Unsuccessful naval attack.
25 February 1915 Second naval attack on the Dardanelles.  Unsuccessful naval attack.
Mustafa Kemal establishes Headquarters of 19th Division at Maidos, on Gallipoli Peninsula.
12 March 1915 Sir Ian Hamilton is appointed to command Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
16 March 1915 Admiral Carden, commander of the Allied fleet, resigns due to weak health. 
Vice-Admiral de Robeck takes command.
18 March 1915 Turkish naval victory at the Dardanelles. 
Vice-Admiral de Robeck launches final Allied naval
Allied fleet fails to force the Dardanelles. Allied battleships are sunk & damaged.
Mustafa Kemal distinguishes himself in battles.
22 March 1915 Hamilton and de Robeck decide to make an amphibious landing on the Gallipoli peninsula.
24 March 1915 Liman von Sanders is appointed to command Turkish Fifth Army on Gallipoli.
17 April 1915 Destruction of British submarine E 15, and the capture of Lt Palmer.
25 April 1915 Allied military landings at Ariburnu (Anzac), Helles, and Kum Kale.
British & French forces make amphibious landings on the Gallipoli peninsula.
  • Landing at Anzac Cove made by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).
  • Landing at Cape Helles made by the British 29th Division and elements of the Royal Naval Division.
  • French forces make a diversionary landing at Kum Kale on the Asian shore.

Advance checked by Mustafa Kemal and Turkish forces, 19th Division.
(National Day of Commemoration in Australia and New Zealand)

27 April 1915 Under the command of Mustafa Kemal, Turkish forces mount a counter-attack 
28 April 1915 First Battle of Krithia.
The Anzac landing is reinforced by four battalions from the Royal Naval Division.
1 May 1915 French submarine Joule is mined and sunk in the Turkish Straits.
Turkish attack at Helles.
1-4 May 1915 Turkish attacks at Helles.
6-8 May 1915 Second Battle of Krithia.
12 May 1915 HMS Goliath is sunk by the Turkish torpedo boat Muavenet.
19-20 May 1915 Turkish forces mount a massive attack at Anzac (heavy Turkish losses).
24 May 1915 Truce at Anzac to bury dead.
25 May 1915 Sinkıng of battleshıp HMS Triumph by German submarine. 
E11 torpedoes Turkish transport Stamboul in the Bosphorus.
27 May 1915 HMS Majestic is sunk by German U-boat U-21.
1 June 1915 Mustafa Kemal promoted Colonel.
4 June 1915 Third Battle ot Krithia.
28 June 1915 Battle of Gully Ravine begins. ANZAC diversionary attack.
Turkish attack on Quinn's Post - Pope's Hill sector of Anzac.
5 July 1915 Battle of Gully Ravine ends with the British repelling a large Turkish counter-attack.
12-13 July 1915 Allied attacks at Helles.
6 August 1915 Battle of Sari Bair, also known as the August Offensive, commences.
Main Anzac offensive toward Sari Bair range commences.
6 August 1915 Diversionary Australian attack at Lone Pine.
6-7 August 1915 Diversionary attacks at Helles.
6-7 August 1915 Two Allied divisions land at Suvla.
7 August 1915 Battle of the Nek. Australian attack at the Nek takes place.
7 August 1915 Liman von Sanders sends two divisions south from Bulair area. 
Divisions arrive in Suvla area on night of 
7 - 8 August 1915.
8 August 1915 Battle of Chunuk Bair. New Zealand & British forces gain a foothold on Chunuk Bair.
British submarine E11 torpedoes the Turkish battleship Hayreddin Barbarossa.
8 August 1915 Mustafa Kemal is appointed overall commander of northern area.
Appointed to command of Sixteenth Army Corps. 
Checks second Allied advance.
9 August 1915 Allied units, including Gurkhas, briefly capture part of Hill Q.
9 August 1915 British forces at Suvla fail to capture high ground due to earlier arrival of Turkish forces.
10 August 1915 Battle of Chunuk Bair ends when Turkish forces led by Mustafa Kemal recapture Chunuk Bair and drive the Allies off the heights.
12 August 1915 Battle of Lone Pine ends.
Attack of  I / 5 Norfolk Battalion at Suvla.
12 August 1915 Dawnay at GHQ first puts forward idea of partial evacuation.
13 August 1915 Battle of Krithia ends.
15 August 1915 British attack at Kiretch Tepe in Suvla area.
21 August 1915 Large scale Allied attack at Suvla. Final British offensive of the campaign launched to consolidate Anzac and Suvla landings.
29 August 1915 Partial Allied capture of Hill 60 in south Suvla area.
2 September 1915 Dawnay departs for London.
6 September 1915 Bulgarians agree to invade Serbia in conjunction with Germans and Austrians.
15 October 1915 General Sir Ian Hamilton is removed from command of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Hamilton and Braithwaite are replaced by Kitchener.
28 October 1915 General Sir Charles Monro arrives at Gallipoli to assume command of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. Monro recommends evacuation three days later.
30 October 1915 French submarine Turquioise runs aground while returning through the Dardanelles and is captured.
31 October 1915 Destroyer HMS Louis runs aground in a storm and is wrecked.
6 November 1915 British submarine E20 is ambushed and sunk in the Sea of Marmara by German U-boat U-14.
13 November 1915 Field Marshal Horatio Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War, visits Gallipoli.
22 November 1915 Kitchener recommends evacuation of Anzac and Suvla.
27 November 1915 Fierce storm & blizzard, lasting three days, strikes the Gallipoli peninsula.
29 November 1915 Liman von Sanders aware of probable Allied withdrawal.
7 December 1915 The British Cabinet orders the evacuation of Anzac and Suvla 
(orders to evacuate Helles are given in mid-December).
8 December 1915 General Monro orders Birdwood to proceed with the evacuation of Anzac and Suvla.
18 December 1915 Start of final evacuation of Anzac and Suvla. 
19-20 December 1915 Evacuation of Anzac and Suvla.
8-9 January 1916 Evacuation of Helles completed.
9 January 1916 Allied evacuation of Gallipoli Peninsula.  End of Dardanelles Campaign.
Last British troops depart the Gallipoli peninsula.
14 January 1916 Mustafa Kemal is posted to Adrianople in command of the Sixteenth Army Corps and transfered to Caucasus front (soon after he is promoted General and Pasha, by 1919 he becomes the leader of the Turkish resistance and War of Independence ).

* 2015 - Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Battle of Gallipoli
* 2015 - Canakkale Zaferi'nin 100. Yıl Dönümü Kutlamaları ve Şehitlerin Anılması

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